Empowering Higher Education: The PM-USHA(Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan) Initiative for Access, Quality, and Innovation

Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (PM-USHA) is a centrally sponsored scheme launched by the Government of India in 2023 to improve access, equity, and quality in higher education. The scheme covers government and government-aided institutions in all states and union territories (UTs).

Data on fund allocation and government acceptance:

  • Fund allocation: The total fund allocation for PM-USHA is Rs. 10,000 crore for the period 2023-2027. This includes Rs. 5,000 crore for the equity, access, and inclusion component; Rs. 2,500 crore for the developing quality teaching and learning processes component; Rs. 1,000 crore for the employability enhancement component; Rs. 1,000 crore for the innovation and entrepreneurship component; and Rs. 500 crore for the capacity building and management component.
  • Government acceptance: As of August 2023, 30 state governments and 8 union territories have accepted PM-USHA. The scheme is expected to be implemented in all states and union territories by the end of 2023.

PM-USHA has five components:

1.Equity, Access, and Inclusion

PM-USHA aims to increase access to higher education for all, regardless of their social, economic, or geographical background. The fund allocation for this component is Rs. 5,000 crore.

Scholarships for students from disadvantaged groups:

Rs. 2,000 crore will be allocated for scholarships for students from disadvantaged groups, such as SCs, STs, OBCs, and minorities. 

Establishment of hostels and other facilities for students from rural areas:

Rs. 1,000 crore will be allocated for the establishment of hostels and other facilities for students from rural areas.

Promotion of multilingualism in higher education:

Rs. 2,000 crore will be allocated for the promotion of multilingualism in higher education, with a focus on mother tongue and regional languages

2.Developing Quality Teaching & Learning Processes:

PM-USHA aims to improve the quality of teaching and learning in higher education institutions. The fund allocation for this component is Rs. 2,500 crore.

Upgradation of physical and digital infrastructure:

Rs. 1,000 crore will be allocated for the upgradation of physical and digital infrastructure in higher education institutions.

Faculty training:

Rs. 500 crore will be allocated for faculty training in higher education institutions.

Development of innovative curricula:

Rs. 500 crore will be allocated for the development of innovative curricula in higher education institutions.

Student support programs:

Rs. 500 crore will be allocated for student support programs in higher education institutions, such as counseling and mentoring.

3.Employability Enhancement

PM-USHA aims to enhance the employability of graduates by providing them with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in the job market. The fund allocation for this component is Rs. 1,000 crore.

Establishment of career counselling centres:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for the establishment of career counseling centers in higher education institutions.

Promotion of internships and apprenticeships:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for the promotion of internships and apprenticeships for students in higher education institutions.

Development of market-linked courses:

Rs. 500 crore will be allocated for the development of market-linked courses in higher education institutions.

4.Innovation & Entrepreneurship

PM-USHA aims to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in higher education. The fund allocation for this component is Rs. 1,000 crore.

Establishment of incubators and accelerators:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for the establishment of incubators and accelerators in higher education institutions.

Support for start-ups:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for support for start-ups founded by students and faculty from higher education institutions.

Promotion of research and development:

Rs. 500 crore will be allocated for the promotion of research and development in higher education institutions.

5.Capacity Building & Management

PM-USHA aims to build capacity and improve the management of higher education institutions. The fund allocation for this component is Rs. 750 crore.

Strengthening governance structures:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for strengthening governance structures in higher education institutions.

Improving financial management:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for improving financial management in higher education institutions.

Promoting transparency and accountability:

Rs. 250 crore will be allocated for promoting transparency and accountability in higher education institutions.

key goals of PM-USHA:

  • To increase the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education to 50% by 2030.
  • To improve the quality of teaching and learning in higher education institutions.
  • To enhance the employability of graduates.
  • To promote innovation and entrepreneurship in higher education.
  • To build capacity and improve the management of higher education institutions.

PM-USHA is a comprehensive and ambitious scheme that has the potential to make a real difference in the lives of millions of students and help them achieve their full potential. The scheme is aligned with the National Education Policy 2020, which aims to make higher education more accessible, equitable, and relevant to the needs of the 21st century.

PM-USHA also includes a number of cross-cutting themes, such as:

  • Gender equality
  • Disability inclusion
  • Climate change
  • Sustainable development

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